Revolution Education Mobile Phones & Portable Devices Driver

  

A Revolution in Education for the Third World

Well, the first mobile phones went on sale for a whopping $4,000 each! The increased demand for mobile phones has caused technology to advance rapidly, with prices continuously falling (until the last few years, where prices have shot up). Regardless, the evolution of mobile phones has been a truly thrilling journey. Ways E-Learning Mobile Apps are revolutionizing the Education System. Let’s delve into the ways how education applications have changed the education system entirely. Improve Knowledge. Every day students find new information to grasp. There are a large number of education applications that are capable of offering fully updated information.

In the Third World, a teacher may earn typically $5 per hour, and a poor parent may earn typically $0.25 per hour. Class size to be effective is maximum 40 and preferably 30. Teacher’s labour cost can be estimated at maybe 50% of total fee cost in a well-run school (most schools in the Third World are run on an exploitative basis, where teachers’ salaries component are less than 10% of total fees).

So how do these numbers compute?

They indicate that the low-income parent must spend 100% of his earnings on educating his or her one child. If he or she has 2 or more children, then the numbers are out of the window. There is no money for food or anything else, even with a one-child situation.

How is this situation contained?

The answer is that, up till now, education has been subsidized by State and/or Church, with the pay-off that the children get indoctrinated in the thoughts of CofE, Rome, Mugabe, Pol Pot or whoever.

These days, there is much move towards education being a self-financing sector. The result? Lots of children not being regularly in school. Incidentally, lots of teachers are also playing hookey these days, since their salaries are not really what the teachers expect or can even afford to live off, and therefore they are moonlighting with second jobs, vending etc., and their primary job – and the pupils – are losing out.

What is the solution?

Move to a situation where only 5-20% of education time is done by teachers, and 80-95% is done by the mixture of video, books, electronic books, and interactive CBT (computer-based-teaching). This 5-20% can be done on a rotation system – instead of having a school building with 10 classrooms and 10 teachers, serving 400 pupils. There is one classroom and one teacher, but still serving 400 pupils. Pupils are there for 30 minutes per day or 3 hours per week. Labour costs are 10% of previous. For the surplus teachers this is of course a problem, and they may have to start their own similar-formula low-cost schools in competition, or they can do coaching and tutoring for the better-off pupils.

How can this be economic?
By the following factors:

– Mobile phones are becoming less expensive and more prevalent, and if they can be used with local non-wireless content then there are zero running costs

– Many poor have tv and video recorder. The cost of a blank dvd with content is $0.30 if the content is free. And that one dvd can have 2+ hours of video content or probably 100 hours of text-plus-photo content (to run on a PC or smartphone)

– Vodafone in Ghana has launched the webbox, which turns a TV and a video player into an online computer. This concept can be built on and modified and enhanced. But the objective must be to MINIMIZE running cost and connection time and megabytes, and to depend mainly on local offline content

– USB flash ram is another possibility – a 4 GB flash ram now costs $10 and holds as much as a DVD (which as stated above costs $0.30, and this therefore preferable if the dvd drive exists and is usable)

– It is possible to imagine one PC with lots of local offline content working with up to 20+ low-cost smartphones through Bluetooth, displaying menu systems and content on the smartphone, and even running interactive CBT applications and tests. This may require some imagination on the part of Windows and Linux OS people….

What is required for this Dream to become a Reality?

The main missing ingredient is e-content which is high quality and free. This is not difficult to do, and does not require any high-tech stuff – since conventional htm and pdf file formats will do the job perfectly well. Since the content is free there is no need to copy-protect it.

Additionally, we need free pupil management software, and also free software for the setting, taking and marking of tests and exams. These are also simple to handle, and once made will be globally available. The only small (very small in fact) complication may be dealing with many languages. They will be developed from scratch to be multi-lingual.

Devices

The price of mobile handsets will have to fall even further – who knows in fact what they cost to produce? Certainly less than what they are being sold for. When handsets are lowered from $300 to $150 in one step, then you know that huge margins are in action…

Who will develop the free content? Aid and Development organisations should be queuing up to do that work, but no-one has rushed yet into that space. Maybe Gordon Brown, with his recent post-IMF fixation on Education, will meander into this space?….

Phones

But the omens for Western-generated free content are not good – 4 years ago there was a JAM Project inside BBC to develop free global online content for schools. It was shut down within one year because of complaints and pressure from competing commercial interests. The EU and British Government were instrumental in this shutdown….

Do not despair! The People can do this themselves. It isn’t rocket science. Even scanning existing non-copyright or donated-copyright material will do the trick. And/or Google Books scans and digitises/ OCR’s – they can do that bit of the job if the right books and printed material is fed to them.

The Future for our Children is Bright – let us get cracking!

Education

Alex Weir, Gaborone, Botswana, Sunday 5 June 2011

Abstract

The social history of the mobile telephone involves both the history of technological development and an account of changing social and political frameworks into which the new technological developments become integrated. The technological innovations of mobile telephony were established from the 1940s, but it was not until the 1990s that adoption took off. It has been claimed that the mobile telephone revolution can be explained by changes in the way communication happens through social networks, away from old hierarchical forms. Several unique communicative and behavioural patterns have emerged in countries with mass use of the mobile telephone, including texting (SMS) and the development of new social norms. Nevertheless there is still huge global variation in use and development, and more research needs to be conducted which responds to very local patterns of use and reuse.

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Phones

Revolution Education Mobile Phones & Portable Devices Driver

Lacohée, H., Wakeford, N. & Pearson, I. A Social History of the Mobile Telephone with a View of its Future. BT Technology Journal21, 203–211 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025187821567

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1023/A:1025187821567

Keywords

Revolution Education Mobile Phones & Portable Devices Driver Updater

  • Mobile Phone
  • Text Message
  • Federal Communication Commission
  • Social History
  • Mobile Telephone